By the Numbers: Kidney Disease

Posted on Monday, March 1, 2021

What organ is the size of your fist and processes fluid to keep you alive? If you said, “the heart,” you’d be correct. But you’d also be right if you answered: “kidneys.” The kidneys are one of our hardest working organs filtering all the blood in the body every half hour. And, yet the kidneys are the body’s “unsung heroes”; many people don’t understand what kidneys do or give them a second thought.

Our two kidneys, located on each side of the spine below the rib cage, are the body’s cleaning system. They remove toxins, excess fluids, and waste. The kidneys also help regulate blood pressure and chemicals in the body, support bone health, and stimulate the body’s production of red blood cells.

When the kidneys don’t work as well as they should, you can develop Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). If the condition progresses and the kidneys stop working completely, it’s called kidney failure or End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD). Patients with ESRD often need dialysis or a kidney transplant to survive.

Kidney disease doesn’t get as much recognition as other health concerns such as heart disease or lung cancer, but it’s one of the top chronic illnesses in the U.S. affecting one in seven adults. It’s also known as a “silent disease” because often, in the early stages, it doesn’t cause symptoms and frequently goes undetected.

By the numbers

As we recognize National Kidney Month in March, here’s a quick overview of kidney disease in America by the numbers:

  • 37 million -- Americans have CKD due to disease or injury.
  • 9 in 10 -- Adults with CKD don’t know they have the disease.
  • Minorities and men -- Are more likely to experience ESRD.
  • 726,000+ -- Americans have kidney failure.
  • 100,000+ -- Americans are on the waiting list for a kidney transplant.
  • Kidney disease has a substantial economic impact on patients and our country as well.
  • $1,400+ -- Median annual out of pocket costs for CKD patients who aren’t on dialysis. In fact, studies show that patients with CKD have higher health care costs – including medical, dental, and vision care – than people with cancer and stroke.
  • $84 billion -- Cost to Medicare for people with CKD in 2017.

Nutrition is key

Fortunately, there are ways to manage kidney disease so it doesn’t progress. With the right nutrition and clinical support, people with CKD can live normal, productive lives. The first line of defense is education about how the right nutrition helps manage the disease. Many doctors will recommend that their patients with kidney disease follow a special diet – often called a “renal diet” – which supports the kidneys, helps prevent the condition from worsening, and also protects against other chronic illnesses including diabetes and heart disease that complicate the management of kidney disease.

Mom’s Meals delivers, fully-prepared, convenient, renal-friendly meals to help patients with CKD manage their kidney disease. See the menus.

https://www.cdc.gov/kidneydisease/publications-resources/2019-national-facts.html#:~:text=Fast%20Stats&text=Most%20(9%20in%2010)%20adults,not%20know%20they%20have%20CKD.

https://www.kidney.org/news/newsroom/factsheets/Organ-Donation-and-Transplantation-Stats

https://www.renalandurologynews.com/home/news/nephrology/chronic-kidney-disease-ckd/non-dialysis-ckd-patients-have-high-out-of-pocket-expenses/

https://www.cdc.gov/kidneydisease/basics.html#:~:text=Overall%20Medicare%20costs%20for%20people,the%20Medicare%20paid%20claims%20costs.

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